FROM CONVENIENCE TO POWER : TEACHING ENGLISH IN THE COMMONWEALTH
Asima Ranjan Parhi
The Commonwealth, as it is known is an outcome of a need of exchange and interpellation of interests among certain countries. Since such exchange requires a fit-in language as power which the English language would provide for, the South Asian countries where English occupies the status of a second language/ official language, language of governance and higher education take liberty of deviating from the tag of standard language and move in the direction of a nativised English. In the field of literature as well as language, creative writers and the informal sectors like, mass media, ad-world, educational campus lingo etc. have tremendously influenced a new medium uprooting the standard one. In other words, teaching of English language though happened to be a convenience initially, it has shifted gears to take on the world with decent innovation and experimentation thereby bridging the gap between the apprehensive vernaculars and an assertive yet adaptable English tongue.
Key-words : post colonial, commonwealth, canonized.
READING THE POLITICS OF RAPE IN J. M.COETZEE’S DISGRACE
Anup Kumar Das
Disgrace draws an anxious, comfortless picture of post-apartheid South Africa. It represents the multiple depiction of sexual exploitation and also adds to the unspoken but intrusively present racial tension. The narrative through David’s conscience gives parallel concentration on the dynamics of rape and gender, and its immediate consequences in the post apartheid South Africa. This paper tries to explore how Coetzee situates white anxieties, black peril and dynamics of power through the politics of rape in post-apartheid South Africa.
Key words: post-apartheid, gender, rape, power
ARISTOPHANES’ CLOUDS – A METAPHOR FOR THE FOLLY OF MANKIND
Dinesh Ch. Sarma
Aristophanes, one of the earliest Greek Dramatists, is famous for his allegorical and metaphorical plays that expose human follies and weaknesses. His ‘The Clouds’ while portraying Socrates as a greedy sophist also ridicules sophists in general for their non-sensical arguments and also for their lack of moral scruple. This paper makes a humble attempt at reading Aristophanes. ‘The Clouds’ as an allegory.
Key-words : sophist, rhetoric, metaphor, allegory.
THE CLUSTERS OF BODO AND ENGLISH : A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Being a tonal language of Tibeto-Burman group, Bodo is relatively restrictive in its variety of phonemic clusters. Thus, for example, there is no final consonant cluster in Bodo. On the other hand, English is a syllable stressed language of Germanic Indo-European family with a larger and complex variety of phonemic clusters. The paper aims to discuss the difference of phonemic clusters of both the languages followed by an analysis of the problems of a Bodo speaker while uttering the R.P. clusters and their probable reasons and solution.
Key-words : clusters, phonemic, syllable.
AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL ETHOS AND EXPLORATION OF THE ‘SELF’ IN KAMALA DAS’S MY STORY
Autobiography as a literary genre and as a subject of study is not a recent development. But the theories of modernism, postmodernism, structuralism and feminism has helped to revolutionize the study of autobiography. Autobiography by its very nature brings to us an increasing awareness of the nature of our selves and our share in the human condition. In this paper, I have tried to interpret Kamala Das’s My Story as an exploration of the ‘self’ and thereby trace the autobiographical ethos. Through this paper, I have made an attempt to read Kamala Das’s My Story through and against which to measure questions relevant to a contemporary understanding of autobiography as genre. But the study has had its own inherent contradictions and difficulties. On the one hand, the main focus here has been a plea for specificity: each narrative construction of the self must be located, examined as the unique expression of a unique individual. On the other hand, it makes an implicit gesture towards representativeness: this unique ‘self’ is representative of other selves in similar situations. In outlining the construction of ‘self’ in Kamala Das’s marginalized positions, Gayatri Spivak points to the problem of being held up as a spokesperson for the ‘third world’.
Keywords : self, third world, structuralism, feminism.
MYTH, NOSTALGIA AND THE IRISH PAST IN SEAMUS HEANEY’S POETRY
The paper attempts at a reading of the influences of myth, nostalgia and the depiction of Irish past in Seamus Heaney’s poetry. The first part of the paper brings forth an analysis of some of the most important poems from the poet’s early collections where the poet is visibly preoccupied with the idea of the loss of innocence at the threshold of adulthood and the impact of this terrible discovery on the mind. The subsequent part of the paper deals with Heaney’s experiment with the idea of a mythic Irish past and the depiction of ‘bog people’ or the influence of the ‘bog imagery’ in his poetry.
Key Words: myth, Irish past, childhood, innocence, bog imagery
TRADITION AND CHANGE IN POI CHANGKEN: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY
Geeta Devi Bhattacharya
Poi Changken is a religious festival as observed by the Tai people in community level. The Tai Turung belongs to theTai group. Poi Changken is a religious festival of Buddhism where the ‘Tri Ratnas’ i.e. Buddha, Dharma and Sangha of Buddism are ceremonially bathed. It is generally observed for 3 days(13 to 15th April). The Tai Turungs are Theravada Buddhist. So their all festivals and rituals are intimately related with the worshipping of Buddha. They believe that worshipping him with due observance of the sheel as (principle) brings real happiness to their life. Throughout the year, the Turungs observe different religious traditional functions like Buddha Jayanti, Pravarana, Meikochumphai, KathinSibar Dan (poi kithing), Poi-Lu Phra(Buddha Murti Dan), Dunchi, Poi lengand Poi Changken in the community level. Besides these, the Tai Turungs observe ‘Mangala’ in every household once in a year by the help of Buddhist monk. Moreover the villagers observe together Mung- Mangala once in a year. Among these Poi Changken is prominent one.
Key Words: Poi Changken, Tai Turung, Buddha, Dharma, Sangha
A STUDY ON THE TREND OF SCHOOLING OF PRIVATE SCHOOL CHILDREN AND TRADITIONAL SCHOOL CHILDREN UNDER LAKHIMPUR DISTRICT OF ASSAM, INDIA
Anita Deka Bora
The work has been carried out to study the trend of schooling of private and traditional school children under Lakhimpur District of Assam. The study will attempt to explore the parental attitude toward private schools.
Key-words : private, traditional, parental
INDIGENOUS AND HERBAL MEDICINES IN PREVENTION AND TREATMENT AMONG THE DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES OF NAGAON DISTRICT OF ASSAM
An exploratory survey was conducted at Nagaon district includingat ADP college, Nagaon, Assam, during the year 2013-2014. The region
is very interesting due to inhabiting by different communities andoccurrence of several important floristic elements. The present communication deals with 21 important medicinal plant species and their parts used by the different communities in the treatment of their different ailments which plants are also present in our ADP college campus.
Key words : Medicinal plant, ADP
SËMKHYA THEORY OF CREATION AS REFLECTED IN THE VIáÛUPURËÛA
The theory of creation which is primarily associated with the origin of the universe is one of the most significant theory. The philosophical speculations of India are somehow related to the Vedas. Although the Vedic accounts are based on mythology, yet they have great scientific value. Thus all the philosophical theories which have their origin in the Vedas are scientifically approved theories. The S¡mkhya system, one of the oldest and realistic systems of India, is notable for its theory of creation which finds favour with other systems of India and also the later India literature. The Pur¡¸as are the most important religious literature of India, next to the Vedas and the Mah¡k¡vyas, i.e., the R¡m¡ya¸a and the Mah¡bh¡rata. As a class of literature, the Pur¡¸as deal with all the aspects of Indian culture, its religion and philosophy, social practices, art, science and so on. Cosmogony forms one of the fundamental topics discussed by the Pur¡¸as. Out of the
fivefold characteristics of the Pur¡¸a, the sarga or the creation of the universe is the first and foremost. The Pur¡¸ic theory of creation very much corresponds
to the theory of creation of the S¡mkhya philosophy. The ViÀ¸upur¡¸a is one of the oldest and important Mah¡pur¡¸as and also the primary sacred text of the VaiÀ¸ava branch of Hinduism. In this Pur¡¸a, creation and dissolution of The universe are discussed very systematically than the other Pur¡¸as. In the
present write up we propose to trace the theory of creation of S¡mkhya philosophy as depicted in the ViÀ¸upur¡¸a.
Key words : S¡mkhya, Pur¡¸a, Vedas.
A SCIENTIFIC APPROACH TO THE CONCEPT OF THE PHYSICAL WORLD IN THE LIGHT OF UPANISADIC THOUGHT
The Upanisads are the supreme work of the Indian spiritual mind. The main bodies of the Upanisads are based on spiritual knowledge and logical thought. The discussion about Brahman, maya, jiva, jagat etc. are the prime information reflected in the Upanisadic literature. In the Upanisads, it is clearly discussed about the creation of the World, in a more logical way, which is recognized as more scientific in the present day world. The present day world concept is based on science and technology. So, in the present day society everyone engages himself either to discover or to invent something scientifically. The objective of this paper is to analyze the creation process of the world discussed briefly in the Upanisads in a more scientific way which also proved by the modern scientist.
Key-word: Upanisad, Jagat, Creation, m¡y¡.