MAGIC REALISM AS A DEVICE IN POSTCOLONIAL TEXT: A STUDY OF SALMAN RUSHDIE'S MIDNIGHT'S CHILDREN
Realism is something that has the capacity to render a nation's appearances astoundingly the same. But the unrealistic features of magic or magical realism can render them unique by manifestation in distinctive ways. Magic realist narrations use a non-mainstream literary technique-fantasy – to construct the reality of a nation. Salman Rushdie, an internationally acclaimed writer frequently uses magic realism in his writings. His Midnight's Children has used it superbly. The core of novel is a combination of the elements of magic and fantasy. This paper aims at analyzing Rushdie's use of Magic Realism as a literary device in Midnight's Children, his success and failure.
Key-words : Magic Realism, fantasy, identity, post-colonial.
ROLE OF SATRA INSTITUTION IN THE PROMOTION OF ASSAMESE SOCIETY : A CASE STUDY ON BORDOWA THAN IN ASSAM
The study of Satra institution established by Mahapurusha Sankardeva in the last decade of the fifteenth century is important from the historical and social perspectives because its emergence brought a considerable change in Assamese Society. Sankardeva started neo vaisnavite movement in order to bring all Assamese people under a systematized religious code and conduct of life, to do away with the extreme trantic observance and to provide the masses with a mode of worship in simple manner. He united the diverse tribal communities of the region and gave it a culture which is in later period known as Assamese culture. In course of time Satra institution expanded and developed a network practically covering the entire Brahmaputra Valley, and the Satras have since become intimately connected with the Assamese Social life and culture. As the Bordowa Than is the distinguished and largest religious institution of Assam, it is essential for the upliftment of its present position. Inspite of its glorious past, this institution is not fully successful to preserve and profess the cultural events and values introduced by Sankardeva through their multidimensional functions. It can be used as an effective tool for socio cultural reforms. The Satra authority have many things to do for the promotion of greater Assamese society, socially, culturally and spiritually.
Key-words : Satra, culture, than, tribal.
RELEVANCE OF GANDHIAN ECONOMIC PHILOSOPHY IN THE CONTEMPORARY GLOBALISED INDIAN ECONOMY
Mahatma Gandhi was not an economist but he has given economic vision, which if implemented, would have relieved India from many socio-economic problems. Gandhi's views on economics were simple and straight forward which would make India economically self sufficient, manufacturing and satisfying its own needs in domestic market. The basis of Gandhiji's economic philosophy was individual dignity and the welfare of the poorest of the poor. He felt that a man earns his dignity by working and earning his bread and livelihood. Therefore the economic system should be organised to provide employment for every- one. Gandhiji did not draw distinction between economics and ethics. "Economics that hurt the moral well-being of an individual or a nation are immoral and, therefore, sinful." The main focus of this paper is analysing the contemporary globalised Indian economy from the Gandhian economic perspective.
Key-words : Gandhi, Economics, Relevance, Globalisation
ROMANTIC SENSIBILITIES IN PRADIP KUMAR PATRA'S POETRY
A young domicile North East Indian English Poet, Pradip Kumar Patra, is devotee of nature. Nature has a pervading force in his poetry. Exploring through the ecology of the Eastern and Northeast India, he showcases nature with all its beauty and bounty. Landscape plays an important medium for understanding life to its bottom for him. Nature images, landscape are the wings with which he flies for greater future where creation and feeling have greater importance than the rule of ideologies. The present paper discusses through select poems of the poet that his poetry is not satire of the perverted life of the modern people; rather it is glorification of nature and is a reminder of the pristine life that could be lived in association with nature.
Key-words : ecology, modern perverted life, beauty, ideology
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON H. S. L. C EXAMINATION'S RESULT OF THE PRIVATE ENGLISH MEDIUM HIGH SCHOOLS & PROVINCIALIZED/GOVT. ASSAMESE MEDIUM HIGH SCHOOLS OF NAGAON TOWN FROM 2005 TO 2008
In every walk of life the process of evaluation takes place in one or the other form. If the evaluation process is eliminated from human life then perhaps the aim of life may be lost. The existing evaluation system is confined to examination system. Examination is the most widely and commonly used device of evaluation. Examination is a systematic test of knowledge or skill or of special and general capacity, whether carried out under the authority of some public body or conducted by the teachers themselves. The present study was based on comparative study of High School Leaving Certificate Examinations' results between private English medium high school and Govt/ Provincialised Assamese medium high school. The study was conducted on four private English medium and four Govt/ Provincialised Assamese medium high / higher secondary schools of Nagaon town from 2005 to 2008 which is one of the renowned district of state of Assam. In this study it has been found that there is no significant difference in result between two types of school.
Key-words : Comparative study, examination, private, provincialised, Government
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ECO-DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME OF LAOKHOWA AND BURACHAPORI WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES, KAZIRANGA TIGER RESERVE, ASSAM
Participatory conservation has been identified as a sustainable tool for ensuring mutual co-existence of fringe communities and protected areas. Laokhowa and Burhachapori Wildlife Sanctuaries have suffered extensive habitat degradation throughout the years due to a host of anthropogenic pressures. With the inclusion of the two PAs as buffer components of the Kaziranga Tiger Reserve in 2007, the forest department has undertaken renewed conservation initiatives in the PAs as well as in the fringe villages. The establishment of Eco Development Committees was started post 2007 in the fringe villages of the sanctuaries. The present study documents evolution of the eco development programme and examines the mechanism and effectiveness of the entry point and alternative livelihood activities of the programme. The study concludes that in spite of inherent challenges, the eco development programme has been successful in bringing about a positive change in the conservation scenario and has gained wide acceptance among the fringe community of the two sanctuaries.
Key-words : Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Burhachapori Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaziranga Tiger Reserve, Eco Development, Alternative Livelihood.
THE IMPORTANCE OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN LIBRARY PROFESSION
Human Resource Development (HRD) is a process of helping employees in an organization to acquire new skills or techniques and competence on a continuing basis. The explosion of knowledge necessitates an ability to learn throughout life. The current age of digitized information, e-resources and networks has created a new dimension for library and information science professionals to update their knowledge, increase proficiencies and capabilities according to emerging information and communication technologies. This article emphasizes on strategic and operational planning for HRD, implementation of HRD and the training provided for the library professionals etc. Manpower is very important aspect in implementing an automated system or computerization in the library. This article enlightens the role played by the librarian and his staff in the process of establishing digital library and networking of digital libraries for information sharing.
Key-words : librarian, technology, organization, information, networking.
LIVING THROUGH DAIRYING: TRADITIONAL DAIRY FARMING PRACTICE BY THE NEPALI COMMUNITY IN SADIYA AND LOWER DIBANG VALLEY, NORTHEAST INDIA
The Eastern Himalayan foothill region of Lower Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh is dotted with dairy farming units of the Nepali community, locally known as 'Khutti'. Though the dairy units are located in Lower Dibang Valley, the dairy farmer's household is located in Sadiya, sub-division of the Tinsukia district of Assam. The present study was conducted to assess the cost and production, price and profitability, milk and milk products, networking and market. For this study, 90 dairy units from 3 circles of Lower Dibang valley were randomly selected. The study revealed that the cost benefit ratio for rearing a cow/ day was lower compared to the rearing of a buffalo/day . The findings of the study will help to identify gaps and set priorities for livelihood improvement of the Nepali dairy farming community through their traditional knowledge of dairying.
Key-words : Dairy farming, Khutti, Livelihood, Lower Dibang Valley, Traditional knowledge.
ROLE OF DISTANCE EDUCATION IN HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AT HIGHER EDUCATION LEVEL
"Education is a powerful weapon which you can use to change the world" –Nelson Mandela
Development of any nation largely depends on its education system. Education is considered a powerful tool for human resource development and social change. But if we look back into the history of India, education was never in reach of its entire people. Specially higher education is at the reach of a very few number of people of the society. The low percentage of adult population in higher education in India indicates the need for doubling the efforts to bring the people in to higher education fold. In the 21st century the emerging new and diversified needs of the people cannot be met fully satisfactorily only through the formal system of education. It has neither the capacities nor the resources to meet the needs of the growing number of students. In this context distance education system that has emerged as an effective alternative to the formal system of education which has immense significance to fulfill the educational needs of all categories like school dropouts, housewives, employed people who want to learn while earning some livelihood, people living in remote and far-flung areas and all those who were denied access and opportunity for formal education due to geographical distances, socio-economic and cultural barriers. So it can be said that distance education is a system in the revolution of education for human resource development by capacity building and empowerment of people in higher education through its different programmes. Present paper is an attempt to highlight the role of distance education in human resource development in present Indian context.
Key-words : Higher Education, Distance Education, Human Resource Development.
THE CONCEPT OF TRANSMIGRATION OF SOUL IN THE AITAREYA UPANISAD
The Upanisadic literature is a unique literature. It deals with the greatness of Supreme Spirit. This is regarded as the fountain head of Indian philosophy. We are here more particularly concerned with the transmigration of soul as revealed in UpaniÀad. The Hindu believes that the human soul emanates from the Supreme Being. Once it understands its true nature of unity with Brahman, it reaches its goal. Therefore, until one knows its true identity, it is born again and again even after dissolution. Here in this paper a modest attempt is made to find the nature of transmigration of soul as revealed in Aitareya upaniSad.
Keyword : transmigration, soul, mystic, spirituality.
CONTRIBUTION AND RIGHT OF ETHNIC CULTURES IN NORTH-EAST INDIA IN THE BACKDROP OF GLOBALIZATION
Assam is a land of different ethnic groups. Each and every ethnic group has distinct language and literature and upkeepers and transmitters of their rich culture cradled by heritage. Well nourished by various ethnic cultures, Assam, however, faces lots of challenges and crises from the last part of the 20th century, mainly due to globalization. Globalization is a threat to upkeeping and continuation of folk and tribal cultures. Despite dark clouds hanging over these cultures there is silver lining. That some individuals or organizations have been trying hard to save their culture from the onslaught of globalization. Generally, two sections of people can save a culture; those who are affected and those who prefer multitudeness of world culture. This paper discusses concepts like Right to culture and wants to create awareness about the effect of globalization on north-east cultures. It tries to situate north-east cultures in global context and Right to culture in respect of cultures of various tribes in the North-east India.
Key-words : Culture, ethnicity, tribe, globalization.
APPLICATION AND METHODOLOGY OF STYLISTICS IN ASSAMESE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE : AN ANALYTICAL STUDY
Phonology, Morphology and Syntax of a particular language are not completely same for all the speakers of that language; it varies from person to person. As such, in the works of different writers writing in the same language there are some distinct features that distinguish them from each other and define their stylistics identity. A writer by his distinct stylistics method keeps himself within the broad ambit of the general stylistics of a particular language and leaves marks on the mind of readers. Sometimes a speaker while speaking adopts consciously or unconsciously linguistic deviations and attracts the other to what he says. Like that, a writer, to render aesthetic pleasure to his discourse, consciously adopts linguistic deviations so that he can arouse interest for his writing and in that way builds his own style. This paper has analysed writings of some of eminent writers to drive home this point.
Key-words : Stylistics, Syntax, Morphology, Phonology, Discourse.
MAMONI ROYSOM GOSWAMI'S "MOTH-EATEN SADDLE OF A TUSKER : AN ANALYSIS" (Dantal Hatir Uyen Khowa Houda : Eti Alochona)
Monisha Rani Baidya
Among the female novelists of Assam Mamoni Raysom Goswami is a bright star. Her 'Dantal Hatir Uyen Khowa Houda' (Moth-eaten saddle of a Tusker) is a vivid and heart touching story of the crumbling life of a Satra institution. Written in the background of Aamranga Satra of Dakshin Kamrup the novel keeps folk-tales, anecdotes, beliefs and superstions, conventions and rituals alive and replays it. Apart from it, the novel discusses post- independence problems, menace of opium eating, reluctance to do menial labour etc. Taking all these into account the present paper tries to situate the novel among regional novels.
Key-words : Symbolism, tusker, satra, gosain
GRAMMAR, THEORY OF GRAMMAR AND HISTORY OF ASSAMESE GRAMMAR
English word "Grammar" derives its term form Greek words "Gramma" and "Grammata" . Latin word "Grammaticus" refers to persons who can speak and write a language correctly and flawlessly. Till nineteenth century "Vyakaran" in Sanskrit meant discussion regarding use of language in its correct form. But now the word has crossed its traditional meaning. It has now spread to areas like music, dance etc. meaning primary and basic knowledge of some thing or some branch of study. Now the Transformational Generative Grammarians have included phonology and semantics into the arena of grammar. This paper aims to discuss how linguistics in recent past has paved the way for enriching Assamese grammar.
Key-words : grammar, linguistics, syntax, semantics
TEARS IN THE EYES OF SURMA RIVER : A DIALOGUE WITH THE CREATOR
Abdul Motin Laskar
The world changes every day. Human thinking and consciousness is also subject to change. Now people advance without any restraint. People of Barak Valley too have joined in their march for progress. Barak Valley is the third world of Bengali literature. Despite wave of globalization on one side and identity search on the other whenever discussions are made about Bengali literature beyond the frontier of Barak Valley, the literature from faces discrimination, as a result the writers from this region suffer from inferiority complex. This valley is proud some of Bengali literature who rise above space and time. Any way, the present paper makes an in-depth study of 'Tears in the Eyes of Surma River' (SURMA NADIR CHOKHE JAL- 2013) by Imad Uddin Bulbul while having an intimate talk with him. And under the garb of interview.
Key-words : globalization, discrimination.
FASTING AND WOMAN'S PSYCHOLOGY: A SEARCH OF SOCIAL TRUTH
By resorting to fasting a woman desires worldly benefits for the members of her family. During fasting days women do some art work like alpana and indulge in dance and singing devotional song. They design shrubs, trees, leaves, flowers, foot-marks etc. Every activity associated with fasting reflects the mind of the person concerned. While observing fasting women sing songs with full rhyme. Fasting is a folk culture and it is mostly popular among women. Most popular fastings are danger-thwarting, maghbrata etc. Thus paper explores female psychology by their resorting to fasting.
Key-words : fasting, maghbrata, alpana.
CLASS AND INEQUALITY IN SELECTED SHORTSTORIES OF SHARATCHANDRA CHATTAPADHAY: A CRITICAL STUDY
Differences in class-caste etc. are prevailing in our society from hoary past. But many great men oppose this difference at different times. Despite opposition these differences still continue in the mind of modern people. Spotlighting this inequality various writers in Bengali Literature have depicted their views right from old Bengali Literature to modern Bengali Literature. Our topic is 'Class and Inequality in selected short stories of Sharatchandra Chattapadhay'. An original study with reference to the above topic, we have selected only three stories namely 'Abhageer Swarga', 'Mahesh' and 'Haricharan' from the huge creations of Sharatchandra. In our discussion it will be clear about the views of Sharatchandra Chattapadhay on class-caste differences prevailing in our society.
Key-words : Class, Caste, inequality, swarga, naraka.